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Reign[ edit ] Jar bearing the cartouche of Hatshepsut. Filled in with cedar resin. From Deir el-Bahari, Egypt. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London Trade with other countries was re-established; here trees transported by ship from Punt are shown being moved ashore for planting in Egypt—relief from Hatshepsut mortuary temple Although contemporary records of her reign are documented in diverse ancient sources, Hatshepsut was thought by early modern scholars as only having served as a co-regent from approximately to BC, during years seven to twenty-one of the reign previously identified as that of Thutmose III.
With short reigns, Hatshepsut would have ascended the throne 14 years after the coronation of Thutmose I, her father. She oversaw the preparations and funding for a mission to the Land of Punt.
This was the first recorded attempt to transplant foreign trees.
It is reported that Hatshepsut had these trees planted in the courts of her mortuary temple complex. Egyptians also returned with a number of other gifts from Punt, among which was frankincense. This is the first recorded use of the resin.
Due to the fat deposits on her buttocks, it has sometimes been argued that she may have had steatopygia. However, according to the pathologist Marc Armand Rufferthe main characteristic of a steatopygous woman is a disproportion in size between the buttocks and thighs, which was not the case with Ati.
She instead appears to have been generally obesea condition that was exaggerated by excessive lordosis or curvature of the lower spine.
Very little is known about these expeditions. Although many Egyptologists have claimed that her foreign policy was mainly peaceful,  it is possible that she led military campaigns against Nubia and Canaan. Designed by Senemut, her vizierthe building is an example of perfect symmetry that predates the Parthenonand it was the first complex built on the site she chose, which would become the Valley of the Kings Copper or bronze sheet bearing the name of Hatshepsut.
From a foundation deposit in "a small pit covered with a mat" found at Deir el-Bahri, Egypt. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London Hatshepsut was one of the most prolific builders in ancient Egypt, commissioning hundreds of construction projects throughout both Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.
Later pharaohs attempted to claim some of her projects as theirs. She employed the great architect Ineniwho also had worked for her father, her husband, and for the royal steward Senemut.
Following the tradition of most pharaohs, Hatshepsut had monuments constructed at the Temple of Karnak. She also restored the original Precinct of Mutthe ancient great goddess of Egyptat Karnak that had been ravaged by the foreign rulers during the Hyksos occupation.
It later was ravaged by other pharaohs, who took one part after another to use in their own pet projects. The precinct awaits restoration. She had twin obelisksat the time the tallest in the world, erected at the entrance to the temple.
One still stands, as the tallest surviving ancient obelisk on Earth; the other has broken in two and toppled. The official in charge of those obelisks was the high steward Amenhotep.
She later ordered the construction of two more obelisks to celebrate her 16th year as pharaoh; one of the obelisks broke during construction and a third was therefore constructed to replace it.
The broken obelisk was left at its quarrying site in Aswanwhere it still remains. Known as the Unfinished Obeliskit provides evidence of how obelisks were quarried. The name, Pakhet, was a synthesis that occurred by combining Bast and Sekhmetwho were similar lioness war goddesses, in an area that bordered the north and south division of their cults.
The cavernous underground temple, cut into the rock cliffs on the eastern side of the Nilewas admired and called the Speos Artemidos by the Greeks during their occupation of Egypt, known as the Ptolemaic Dynasty.
They saw the goddess as akin to their hunter goddess, Artemis. The temple is thought to have been built alongside much more ancient ones that have not survived. This temple was altered later and some of its inside decorations were usurped by Seti I of the Nineteenth Dynastyin an attempt to have his name replace that of Hatshepsut.
She built hers in a complex at Deir el-Bahri. It was designed and implemented by Senenmut at a site on the West Bank of the Nile River near the entrance to what now is called the Valley of the Kings because of all the pharaohs who later chose to associate their complexes with the grandeur of hers.QUEEN HATSHEPSUT AND RAMSES 2 3 important facts about king mene’s Menes's reign of Egypt from to B.C.
was treated as the dawn of Egyptian civilization in many classical histories. In earlier Egyptian lore he was called Ohe and Mena, "The Fighter," and then was referred to as "The Established.".
regardbouddhiste.coman-architect Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture 1, (full text). founded about bce by Menes, who supposedly united the two prehistoric kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt.
The original name of the city was the White Walls, and the term may have referred originally to the king’s palace, which would have been built of whitewashed brick. Next month's probe into Tutankhamun's mummy will be filmed by IMAX, the world- famous wide screen film company.
The resulting movie will be screened at the Egyptian Museum as well as at the visitor centre scheduled to be built at the entrance of the Valley of the Kings on Luxor's west bank.
Also found beneath the level of the present porch (dated to ca. late Twenty-fifth Dynasty) were a gate and porch of the coregency of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III, buried before the end of the latter’s reign.
Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences Ari Ben-Menahem Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and.