They are one of five tribes known as the Five Civilized Tribes.
Today, it is the same spirit leading the Cherokee. Cherokee culture thrived for thousands of years in the southeastern United States before European contact.
After contact, Cherokee society and culture continued to develop, progressing with acquisitions from European settlers. The settlers began to covet the Cherokee homelands, and a period of Indian Removals began to make way for more white settlement. Inthousands of Cherokee men, women and children were rounded up and marched 1, miles to Indian Territory, known today as the state of Oklahoma.
Thousands died in the internment camps, on the trail, and after arrival due to the effects of the journey. Rebuilding In Indian Territory, the Cherokee soon rebuilt a democratic form of government, churches, schools, newspapers and businesses.
A new constitution was adopted in September ofthe same year the final group of Cherokee arrived on the Trail of Tears. Tahlequah, the new Cherokee capital, and nearby Park Hill, became hubs of business activity and centers of cultural activity in Indian Territory.
Inthe Cherokee Advocate, printed in both the Cherokee and English languages, became the first newspaper in Indian Territory, and the first in a Native American language. The Cherokee Messenger was its first periodical.
Many white settlements bordering the Cherokee Nation took advantage of the superior school system, and paid tuition to have their children attend the Cherokee schools.
The Cherokee rebuilt a progressive lifestyle from remnants of the society and the culture we were forced to leave behind. After the Civil War, more Cherokee lands and rights were taken by the government due to the Cherokee being persuaded to side with the Confederacy at one point during the war.
What remained of Cherokee tribal land was divided into individual allotments which were given to Cherokees listed in the census compiled by the Dawes Commission in the late s.
What is the Cherokee Nation? There are more thantribal members. Almost 70, of these Cherokees reside in the 7, square mile area of the Cherokee Nation which is not a reservation, but a jurisdictional service area that includes all of eight counties and portions of six in northeastern Oklahoma.
Today, the Cherokee Nation is a leader in education, housing, vocational training, business and economic development.
As a federally-recognized Indian tribe, the Cherokee Nation has both the opportunity and the sovereign right to exercise control and development over tribal assets, which includes 66, acres of land, as well as 96 miles of the Arkansas Riverbed.
Tribal Government The Cherokee Nation has a tripartite democratic form of government which include judicial, executive and legislative branches. A revised constitution of the Cherokee Nation was ratified by the Cherokee people in June ofand approved by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs on September 5, The position of Deputy Principal Chief is also part of the executive branch.
Like the Principal and Deputy Principal Chief, the council is elected to four-year terms by the registered tribal voters. The council is the legislative branch of government and represent the nine districts of the Cherokee Nation in the 14 county jurisdictional area.
The judicial branch of tribal government includes the District Court and Judicial Appeals Tribunal, which is comparable to the U. The tribunal consists of three members who are appointed by the Principal Chief and confirmed by the council.
It is the highest court of the Cherokee Nation and oversees internal legal disputes and the District Court. In addition, the nation operates several successful enterprises, including Cherokee Nation Enterprises, and Cherokee Nation Industries, Inc.
CNI is a multi-million dollar supplier to several major defense contractors. Self-Governance Agreement The Cherokee Nation authorized the negotiation of a tribal self-governance agreement for direct funding from the U.
Congress on February 10, The agreement authorizes the tribe to plan, conduct, consolidate and administer programs and receive direct funding to deliver services to tribal members. Self-governance is a change from the paternalistic controls the federal government has exercised in the past, to full-tribal responsibility for self-government and independence intended by the treaties with sovereign Indian nations.
Court System, Legal Code Self-governance gained an added dimension in November,when the Cherokee Nation passed legislation establishing a Cherokee Nation District Court and a criminal penal and procedure code. A few months later, in February,the tribe unanimously approved four legislative acts to facilitate cooperative law enforcement within the jurisdictional boundaries of the Cherokee Nation.
The passage of these acts strengthens tribal sovereignty and allows non-Indian law enforcement authorities to pursue and apprehend criminal suspects and vehicle code violators on Cherokee Nation land.
Tax Code Also on February 10,the Cherokee Nation approved a tax code which included a tobacco tax and sales tax on goods or services sold or rendered on tribal land. The purpose of the tax code is to raise revenue to provide governmental services to Cherokee people and promote economic development, self-sufficiency and a strong tribal government.
Fuel Tax Agreement On May 30,the Cherokee Nation and four other Oklahoma tribes reached an agreement with state lawmakers on taxing Indian sales of motor fuel. The tribes agreed not to sue the state or to license individual tribal members to sell motor fuel.You'll find informaton here on places such as the early Cherokee settlements, the historic Female Seminary and Cherokee Nation Courthouse, both in Tahlequah.
Read about a modern-day "Cherokee Removal" which took place at what is now Oklahoma's Camp Gruber in the 's. Our History A Proud Heritage Since the earliest contact with European explorers in the 16th century, the Cherokee people have been consistantly identified as one of the most socially and culturally advanced of the Native American tribes.
Cherokee Indian The Cherokee Indian nation originaly lived in the appalachian mountains. A fixture in American history, the Cherokee Indian Nation has a unique and proud heritage.
The Cherokee Indian Nation has its own legends that speak of Cherokee history before the white man came to America. "The Cherokee Nation official website and history" Robert J. Conley - The Cherokee Nation: A History Grace Steele Woodward - The Cherokees (The Civilization of the American Indian Series).
Traditional Cherokee life and culture greatly resembled that of the Creek and other tribes of the Southeast. The Cherokee nation was composed of a confederacy of symbolically red . Events in our history have forged and formed the Cherokee Nation into a proud and prosperous people. From the 's and earlier to the present day, the Cherokee people remember their history and the lessons provided to us by it.