Active versus passive learning

Active Vs Passive Learning How to you define active and passing learning and to that matter active or passive learners? Traditionally approach for the learning leaders, instructors or curriculum developers when designing the learning environment has been to think of the students mind as empty vessels or sponges which can be easily filled with knowledge and students were expected to absorb most of it. They do not interact, share their insight or contribute to it. Interestingly enough, passive behavior to the most part is a learned behavior in itself.

Active versus passive learning

Email Driver or passenger? It matters to your brain. A new study from psychology professor Neal Cohen, Active versus passive learning, and postdoctoral researcher Joel Voss found that those who have some control over their learning environment do better at remembering what they learned than those who don't.

The study offers a first look at the brain mechanisms that contribute to this phenomenon. New research confirms that having some authority over how one takes in new information significantly enhances one's ability to remember it.

The study, in the journal Nature Neuroscience, also offers a first look at the network of brain structures that contribute to this phenomenon. The hippocampus plays a vital role in enhancing memory in those who are actively engaged in learning something new. It coordinates with other brain structures to accomplish different tasks, such as recognizing an object one has seen before or remembering its original location.

Graphic by Diana Yates. Brain by Andrew Giglio. Researchers have known for decades that the hippocampus is vital to memory, in part because those who lose hippocampal function as a result of illness or injury also lose their ability to fully form and retain new memories.

But the hippocampus doesn't act alone. Robust neural connections tie it to other important brain structures, and traffic on these data highways flows in both directions. Functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI studies, which track blood flow in the brain, show that the hippocampus is functionally connected to several brain networks - distinct regions of the brain that work in tandem to accomplish critical tasks.

To better understand how these brain regions influence active versus passive learning, Voss designed an experiment that required participants to memorize an array of objects and their exact locations in a grid on a computer monitor. A gray screen with a window in it revealed only one object at a time.

Active and passive verbs | Oxford Dictionaries

The "active" study subjects used a computer mouse to guide the window to view the objects. The "passive" learners viewed a replay of the window movements recorded in a previous trial by an active subject. Then participants were asked to select the items they had seen and place them in their correct positions on the screen.

After a trial, the active and passive subjects switched roles and repeated the task with a new array of objects. The study found significant differences in brain activity in the active and passive learners.

Those who had active control over the viewing window were significantly better than their peers at identifying the original objects and their locations, the researchers found.

Further experiments, in which the passive subjects used a mouse that moved but did not control the viewing window, established that this effect was independent of the act of moving the mouse.

To identify the brain mechanisms that enhanced learning in the active subjects, the researchers repeated the trials, this time testing individuals who had amnesia - a disease characterized by impairment in learning new information - as a result of hippocampal damage.

To the surprise of the researchers, these participants failed to benefit from actively controlling the viewing window. Brain imaging by means of fMRI of healthy young subjects engaged in the same active and passive learning tests revealed that hippocampal activity was highest in the active subjects' brains during these tests.

Active versus passive learning

Several other brain structures were also more engaged when the subject controlled the viewing window, and activity in these brain regions was more synchronized with that of the hippocampus than in the passive trials.

Activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the cerebellum and the hippocampus see cartoon was higher, and more highly coordinated, in participants who did well on spatial recall, the researchers found.

Increased activity in the inferior parietal lobe, the parahippocampal cortex and the hippocampus see cartoon corresponded to better performance on item recognition.

It is a surprise, he said, that other brain regions that are known to be involved in planning and strategizing, for instance, "can't do very much unless they can interact with the hippocampus. To contact Neal Cohen, call ; e-mail njc illinois.

To reach Joel Voss, e-mail joelvoss illinois.Child Development PSY Passive versus Active Child Biological influences (heredity and maturational forces) and environmental influences (culture, parenting styles, learning experiences) are thought to contribute to development.

Active versus passive learning

Overall, a. Table 3 summarizes the characteristics of passive learning versus active learning, and indicates the direction of increases in retention, higher-order thinking, participation, and engagement as expectations and activities move from passive to more active learning.

Watch video · Join Aaron Quigley for an in-depth discussion in this video Active vs. passive learning, part of Learning with Active Learning: involves the learning by being engaged in the instructional process by means of such activities as exploring, analyzing, communicating, creating, reflecting, or actually using new information or experiences.

May increase critical thinking skills in students. Enables students to show. Passive learning methods are below and active learning methods are above Passive learning is a method of learning or instruction where students receive information from the instructor and internalize it, and "where the learner receives no feedback from the instructor".

This study compares the impact of an active teaching approach and a traditional (or passive) teaching style on student cognitive outcomes. Across two sections of an introductory business course, one class was taught in an active or “nontraditional” manner, with a variety of active learning exercises.

Active learning greatly outperforms passive lecturing in classrooms