The first half of the century, the age of the World Wars and the start of the Cold Warwas dominated by the rivalries of those powers. The second half saw the replacement, largely through the agency of those wars, of the European state system by a world system with many centres of both power and discord.
Canada is often called a land of immigrants. And it is true that all Canadians are either from somewhere else, or the descendants of people from somewhere else. Through 18th-Century British exploration, 19th-Century gold rushes and settlement of the West in the lateth and earlyth centuries, Canada became a significant immigrant-receiving nation.
Migration of people from one country to settle in another has been central to Canadian history. Canada has, of late, been chastised for the racial and ethnic biases of its immigration history. Economic development has always been tied to Canadian immigration.
The fur trade opened the continent to exploration and ultimately impelled immigration to the New World. Croix inand at Port-Royal, Acadia, in The first settlers — or immigrants — to Canada were the Acadians.
The treaty included the forced departure of the Acadians, who showed little inclination to move to the new French colonies, which were less suited to their agricultural system. The English made little attempt to colonize the area, renamed Nova Scotia, until They required the Acadians to swear an oath of unconditional loyalty; the Acadians would agree only to an oath of neutrality.
The deportation shipped the population to English colonies along the east coast as far south as Georgia. Many perished from hunger or disease or were lost at sea. The Empire paid little attention to the Quebec colony but soon had to accept thousands of United Empire Loyalists, British subjects who had settled in the original Thirteen Colonies in the U.
The main waves of Loyalist migration came in andassisted by imperial authority in the form of Sir Guy Carleton, governor of the Province of Quebec. The military gave the settlers supplies and organized the distribution of land.
Most were farmers, not wealthy nor of high social rank, and ethnically mixed. Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier put Clifford Sifton, minister of the interior, in charge of an aggressive immigration program. Into the midth Century, immigration from England, Scotland and the U.
These immigrants generally reflected the heritage and values of the established community. They generally spoke English, but they differed from the majority socially, culturally and religiously.
In Canada, they were not enthusiastic about farming. They provided a mass of cheap labour that helped fuel the economic expansion of the s and 60s, but were viewed as Roman Catholic intruders suspiciously loyal to the Crown.
They also tended to migrate to the U. In the late 19th Century, the Canadian Prairies were opened to settlement, though that settlement first required establishing a market for prairie agricultural products.
For the first time, Canada sought agricultural settlers from places other than the British Empire, Europe and the U.
Others held more tolerant opinions, understanding that immigrants were necessary for building the country, that their children would become integrated into the mainstream of society and that they were here to stay.
Seeking meadowland, water, wood and neighbours who spoke their language, they settled in the aspen parkland of the Prairies, from southeastern Manitoba through central Saskatchewan to the Rocky Mountain foothills west of Edmonton, with several Ukrainian block settlements established by In the 20th Century, the relationship between English and French in Canada has deteriorated.
French-English relations were already suffering and continued to do so before World War I. No longer simply French and English, large numbers of Canadians were now Irish, Italian, Polish, Ukrainian, Dutch, or Scandinavian — and even some Chinese and Japanese, too.
The 20th century saw Canada emerge as a major industrialized country with a modern economy. © The Canada Guide.
English and French Relations in the 20th Century In the 20th Century, the relationship between English and French in Canada has deteriorated.
French-English relations were already suffering and continued to do so before World War I.
The two world. Throughout the 20th century, the relations between the French and the English in Canada had a significant negative impact on Canadian history.
The defining moments that changed French-English relations in Canada were the WWI conscription crisis, the creation and the governing of the Union N. The 20th century was a time of enormous technological and cultural changes, including two world wars and the Great Depression of the s.
The 20th century was a time of enormous technological and cultural changes, including two world wars and the Great Depression of the s. Technology in the 20th Century HUM/ Technology in the 20th Century Technology is rapidly evolving and has been for many years.
Scientists and inventors are always on the lookout to invent something to make the average person’s daily life easier.