The breakdown of the Carolingian Empire in the later 9th century, combined with the relative stabilization of local European borders after the Christianization of the Vikings, Slavs, and Magyars, meant that there was an entire class of warriors who now had very little to do but fight among themselves and terrorize the peasant population.
These include the Church of England and the Lutheran Church. Each Catholic country in western Europe formed part of a community, known as Christendom. They were united under the same belief that the Pope was head of the Church on Earth. This chapter outlines the power and functions of the Church during the Middle Ages.
It also addresses the existence of other religions in Medieval Europe. Despite those found to be practising Christianity being put to death, some devout Christians continued to secretly practise their beliefs.
These people kept the Christian faith from dying out until Emperor Constantine r. Over the next years, the Roman Catholic Church 'the Church' experienced growth in wealth and power in western Europe.
By the beginning of the high Middle Agesthe Roman Catholic Church had become the most powerful institution in western Europe. Power of the Church During the Middle Ages in western Europe, Christians followed a version of the Christian Bible which had been translated into Latin and copied by hand.
Despite the prevalent use of the Latin language in Roman Catholic Church services, most Medieval Europeans were illiterate in their own languages, let alone able to understand Latin.
Clergymen were among the only people in Medieval Europe who could understand Latin.
During church services, most people looked at the images in the stained glass windows and on the walls. These pictures illustrated stories from the Bible. Refer Image 1 Hand-copied manuscripts, such as the Bible, required painstaking efforts to create. For this reason, in Medieval Europe, the only people with access to a Bible were church leaders.
Since even the nobility were unable to question the teachings of the Church, the Church was able to maintain a position of power over its followers. At the beginning of the Middle Ages ADmodern scientific knowledge and technological achievements, such as landing on the moon, were more than years away.
It was not even until the end of the Middle Ages 16th century that the Church's teaching of the Earth being at the centre of the universe, was challenged.
Since most Medieval Europeans were without any knowledge about how the world worked, they unquestioningly and invariably accepted the teachings of their religious leaders. One of these teachings was that people who disobeyed God and the Church would be sent to hell.
Refer Image 2 Out of the belief that God would recognise their benevolence and grant them entry into heaven, wealthy kings and nobles donated land, houses and money to the Church.
These donations assisted in the Church becoming the largest landowner in Medieval Europe. According to the Church's teachings, another way to show one's religious devotion was to embark on journeys to sacred places pilgrimages.It was the beginning of the period the Christians called the Reconquest, and it underlined a serious problem that marred this refined, graceful, and charming era: the inability of the numerous rulers of Islamic Spain to maintain their unity.
war between European Christians and Muslims (Seljuk Turks) over control of holy land. When the Seljuk Turks moved in, they brought the Islamic religion, as well as Persian culture, which the Turks had largely adopted after becoming part of the Muslim Empire.
Religion in Medieval Europe, Religion and governance, Medieval and early modern Europe, SOSE: History, Year 7, SA Introduction Today there are many different denominations (religious groups) of the Christian Church.
These include the Church of England and the Lutheran Church. Persecution of Christians intensified in , and ; in , deemed the worst of these years by British missionary to Madagascar W.E.
Cummins (), 1, people were fined, jailed or otherwise punished in relation to their Christian faith, including 18 executions.
The Seljuk Turks. For centuries before the rise of the Ottoman dynasty, Turkic-speaking peoples from central Asia had played key roles in Islamic civilization as soldiers and administrators, often in the service of the Abbasid caliphs.