Biography of catherine the great empress and autocrat of all the russia during the second half of th

Enklinobarangus [Montgomery] Meigs was, after all, only the quartermaster general of the U. Army from the outbreak of the Civil War until his retirement in Still, the fighting end of war tends to go badly unless the business end is rightly managed. Grant and Sherman might have won the battles, but they could not have done so without Meigs.

Biography of catherine the great empress and autocrat of all the russia during the second half of th

Elizabeth too was childless, and the throne passed to the heir she had selected—her nephew the duke von Holstein-Gottorp, who became Peter III. Peter III made himself personally unpopular with St. Petersburg society; in addition, he allowed his entourage mainly… Origins and early experience Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst was the daughter of an obscure German prince, Christian August von Anhalt-Zerbst, but she was related through her mother to the dukes of Holstein.

At age 14 she was chosen to be the wife of Karl Ulrich, duke of Holstein-Gottorp, grandson of Peter the Great and heir to the throne of Russia as the grand duke Peter.

In Catherine arrived in Russia, assumed the title of Grand Duchess Catherine Alekseyevna, and married her young cousin the following year. The marriage was a complete failure; the following 18 years were filled with disappointment and humiliation for her. Devoted to much pleasure and luxury and greatly desirous of giving her court the brilliancy of a European court, Elizabeth prepared the way for Catherine.

Haapanen-Tallgren, Tyyni

Catherine, however, would not have become empress if her husband had been at all normal. He was extremely neurotic, rebellious, obstinate, perhaps impotent, nearly alcoholic, and, most seriously, a fanatical worshipper of Frederick II of Prussiathe foe of the empress Elizabeth. Catherine, by contrast, was clearheaded and ambitious.

Her intelligence, flexibility of character, and love of Russia gained her much support. She was humiliated, bored, and regarded with suspicion while at court, but she found comfort in reading extensively and in preparing herself for her future role as sovereign.

Varieties of Kingship

Although a woman of little beauty, Catherine possessed considerable charm, a lively intelligence, and extraordinary energy. Her true passion, however, was ambition; since Peter was incapable of ruling, she saw quite early the possibility of eliminating him and governing Russia herself.

He made no attempt to hide his hatred of Russia and his love of his native Germany ; discrediting himself endlessly by his foolish actions, he also prepared to rid himself of his wife.

Catherine had only to strike: Petersburgwhere Grigory Orlovher lover, was stationed; the court; and public opinion in both capitals Moscow and St. Petersburg and had herself proclaimed empress and autocrat in the Kazan Cathedral.

Peter III abdicated and was assassinated eight days later. Although Catherine probably did not order the murder of Peter, it was committed by her supporters, and public opinion held her responsible.

In Septembershe was crowned with great ceremony in Moscow, the ancient capital of the tsars, and began a reign that was to span 34 years as empress of Russia under the title of Catherine II. Truly dedicated to her adopted country, she intended to make Russia a prosperous and powerful state.

Since her early days in Russia she had dreamed of establishing a reign of order and justiceof spreading education, creating a court to rival Versaillesand developing a national culture that would be more than an imitation of French models.Empress Catherine the Great, and an Autocrat of all the Russias Empress Catherine was born as Sophie Augusta Frederica of Anhalt-Zerbst (Principality of Holy Roman Empire) on 2 May in a family of high nobility but not belonging to a royal family.

+ free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Caught in that sensual music all neglect Monuments of unageing intellect.

William Butler Yeats (–), "Sailing to Byzantium". Rome casts a long shadow. I am writing in the Latin alphabet. I am using the Roman calendar, with its names of the months. Catherine the Great Born: Stettin, Pomerania, 21 April (2 May) Died: St.

Petersburg, 6 (17) November Reigned: Renowned as Catherine the Great, Empress of all the Russias, this remarkable woman was neither Russian nor originally named Catherine.

Biography of catherine the great empress and autocrat of all the russia during the second half of th

During the eighteenth century, there were no fewer than forty-four pretenders in Russia, twenty-six of which were during Catherine's reign. Pretenders plagued Catherine the Great's reign in a way unmatched by any other period in Russian regardbouddhiste.comsor: Paul I. Genealogy profile for Catherine the Great, Empress of All Russia Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias Catherine II "The Great" Romanov (Askanier) ( - ) - Genealogy Genealogy for Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias Catherine II "The Great" Romanov (Askanier) ( - ) family tree on Geni, with over million profiles of.

Catherine II of Russia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia