History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational. He established the importance of asking deep questions that probe profoundly into thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of belief.
Info You are here: However, critical thinking can be applied to art, and literature including nature writing always has political dimensions whether or not the author and the texts focus explicitly on political and social issues.
Below are some different ways that we can use critical thinking in interpreting literature. Keep these in mind when you read and re-read the texts, and when you writer your papers.
Two passages that seem to conflict in their ideas and values. Or a passage that seems to conflict with ideas and values we know the author has. Is the apparent conflict real? If we read the passage s in a particular way, and they reconcilable?
If the conflict is real, is it case of shift in attitude especially likely if the passages are from different books Is the conflict a creative tension arising from complexity, or mistaken thought? A passage that can be interpreted in more than one way.
What are the different ways the passage can be interpreted? What interpretation do other passages from the same text or different ones support? What else that we know about the author supports one or another interpretation? What are the relative validities of the various interpretations?
There may end up being only one valid interpretation, but start by assuming there are more than one interpretation, and more than one have some validity. The basis for a passage, idea, value, and rhetoric. Fundamental ideas and assumptions about social and ecological reality.
These ideas may be based on yet deeper ideas. These values may be based on yet more fundamental values. The likely effects that the ideas, values, and rhetoric have.
How do the views and values, and also the rhetoric literary style, etc. In other words, how different are they from the conventional? What is the basis for these differences?
Where do they come from? What effects do you think the author wants her or his writings to have? What leads you to that conclusion? What are the possible effects on individual readers? Think in terms of different types of readers, different historical situations, and then think about the possible effects.
What leads you to those conclusions? What are the possible effects on society? Think in terms of different social groups, the specific historical situation, and then think about the possible effects.Student Parking In order to ensure safety and security for our students and staff all vehicles on campus must display the appropriate parking decal.
However, critical thinking can be applied to art, and literature (including nature writing) always has political dimensions (whether or not the author and the texts focus explicitly on political and social issues).
If being “uninvolved alienated” with other students* is increasing your critical thinking skills, then a lot of mental illnesses and disabilities should correlate positively with critical thinking or at least should dampen the negative effects of said illnesses.
Critical thinking the awakening of the intellect to the study of itself. Critical thinking is a rich concept that has been developing throughout the past years.
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Love him or hate him, many of our readers may know enough about Daniel C. Dennett to have formed some opinion of his work. While Dennett can be a soft-spoken, jovial presence, he doesn’t suffer fuzzy thinking or banal platitudes— what he calls “deepities”—lightly.
Dartmouth Writing Program support materials - including development of argument. Fundamentals of Critical Reading and Effective Writing. Mind Mirror Projects: A Tool for Integrating Critical Thinking into the English Language Classroom (), by Tully, in English Teaching Forum, State Department, Number 1 Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum Project, Metropolitan Community College.