There are substantial methodological differences between these approaches.
Case Study Emergence Unlike the other approaches we discuss, case study research does not emerge from a particular social scientific tradition. It is quite likely, as Stake points out, that researchers doing case study research are calling it by another name.
Case studies, as a research design, are also being conducted across disciplines and research traditions. Defined "Case study is defined by individual cases, not by the methods of inquiry used. The investigators identify the boundaries, and these boundaries what is and what is not a case are continually kept in focus.
A case may be simple or complex. It may be a single patient, a practice, a health care system. The goal in case study research is to understand the boundaries of the case and the complexity of the behavior patterns of the bounded system. Researchers may study a single case or mutiple cases.
Common Methods used in Case Study Research The goal of case study research is to understand the complexity of a case in the most complete way possible. For this reason, case study research often involves the use of multiple methods for collecting data.
The qualitative methods described below are all likely to be used in case study research. This often requires extensive work in the setting being studied. This is called fieldwork. Observation provides insight into the behavior patterns and social organizations that operate and constitute a particular bounded system or case.
Collection of Artifacts and Texts. Researchers may also learn about a bounded system by collecting and studying artifacts e.
Stake identifies three types of case studies: A case may be of interest because it has particular features or because it is ordinary. Instrumental - aimed at providing insight into an issue or problem or to refine a theory. In this instance, understanding the complexities of the case is secondary to understanding something else e.
Often referred to as a multiple-case study e. A case study approach. Doing Qualitative Research 2nd edition, pp. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Case Study Research in Education: Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods 2nd ed.
Handbook of Qualitative Research pp. Thousand Oaks, Sage Publications. Design and Methods 2nd ed.The goal in case study research is to understand the boundaries of the case and the complexity of the behavior patterns of the bounded system. Researchers may study a single case or mutiple cases.
In multiple case studies, researchers study cases in depth individually as well as look across cases for similarities and differences.
The Comparison between Qualitative, Quantitative, and Single subject design A Paper presented by Dr. Bander N. Alotaibi. 2 or scholarly research study. Qualitative and Quantitative researchers do use similar elements in their work, however, they state a purpose pose a problem or involve the use of multiple single-case designs in order.
Abstract. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions.
In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as . During the design phase of case study research, the researcher determines what approaches to use in selecting single or multiple real-life cases to examine in depth and which instruments and data gathering approaches to use.
most interesting research. Further, qualitative case study research is a flexible method (Merriam, ; Mayer, , Stake, ) and presented qualitative case study methodologies are formed by study design, epitome and selection of methods. As a result of this, case studies varies in the published.