The French revolution There is a common agreement that Napoleon was a product of the French revolution which he would have died a common man. He exploited the opportunities provided by the French revolution to become emperor of France yet he was from a poor family. This created chance for the young artillery officer Napoleon to come to power.
Birth and education[ change change source ] Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Casa Buonaparte in the town of AjaccioCorsica, on the 15th of August This was one year after the island was given to France by the Republic of Genoa.
He was named Napoleone di Buonaparte. He took his first name from an uncle who had been killed fighting the French. They had come to Corsica in the 16th century. The greatest influence of Napoleon's childhood was his mother, Maria Letizia Ramolino.
Her firm education controlled a wild child. Napoleon was baptized as a Catholic just before his second birthday, on 21 July at Ajaccio Cathedral. He was nine years old when he entered the academy.
Napoleon was able to spend much of the next eight years in Corsica. There he played an active part in political and military matters. He came into conflict with the Corsican nationalist Pasquale Paoli, and his family was forced to flee to Marseille in The French Revolution caused much fighting and disorder in France.
At times, Napoleon was connected to those in power.
Other times, he was in jail. In the French Revolutionary Wars he helped the Republic against royalists who supported the former king of France. In Septemberhe assumed command of an artillery brigade at the siege of Toulonwhere royalist leaders had welcomed a British fleet and troops.
The British were driven out in December 17,and Bonaparte was rewarded with promotion to brigadier general and assigned to the French army in Italy in February More than a royalists died and the rest fled.
He had cleared the streets with "a whiff of grapeshot" according to the 19th-century historian Thomas Carlyle. He was then promoted to major general and marked his name on the French Revolution.
The defeat of the Royalist rebellions ended the threat to the Convention and earned Bonaparte sudden fame, wealth, and the patronage of the new Directory. In March 9, Napoleon married Josephine de Beauharnais, a widow older than he was and a very unlikely wife to the future ruler.
Italian Campaign[ change change source ] The campaign in Italy is the first time Napoleon led France to war. Late in MarchBonaparte began a series of operations to divide and defeat the Austrian and Sardinian armies in Italy.
Then, in a series of brilliant battles, he won Lombardy from the Austrians.
Mantuathe last Lombard stronghold fell in February Barely French soldiers died, while thousands of Mamluks an old power in the Middle East were killed.
But his army was weakened by bubonic plague and poor supplies because the Navy was defeated at the Battle of the Nile. The Egyptian campaign was a military failure but a cultural success. Napoleon went back to France because of a change in the French government.By Alan Forrest Napoleon.
Napoleon’s rise owed everything to the French Revolution, to its ideals of liberty and equality, the meritocracy that lay at its roots, and the huge institutional changes that it wrought.
Napoleon And His Impact On France And Europe. STUDY. PLAY. How did Napoleon rise to power? •was a general in the French army during the French Rev •led a coup d' etat against the Directory and took power in France •ruled first as dictator then as Emperor of France.
Napoleon’s marriage to Josephine also contributed to his rise to power. In , Napoleon married Josephine who the daughter of one of the Directors in the Directory government called Barras.
The marriage gave Napoleon greater privileges and powerful connection to leaders of the directory government. In a better attempt to prevent freely elected royalists from taking control of the Directory in , members of the bourgeois sent Napoleon Bonaparte and his army to defend the Directory and the annulment of the elections.
- The statement, “Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely”, simply means that the more power one has – the more control one has over people – then the more corrupt it is possible for that person to become. French Revolution Practice Questions A)led to the abolition of slavery B)inspired other peoples seeking democracy and independence C)marked the end of European influence in the.